Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Population: 103,220


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Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on Saint Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the United Kingdom for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.

The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates: 13 15 N, 61 12 W
Area: total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
land: 389 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: twice the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 84 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m
Natural resources: hydropower, cropland
Land use: arable land: 12.82%
permanent crops: 7.69%
other: 79.49% (2011)
Irrigated land: 10 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Current Environment Issues: pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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Nationality: noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)
adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Ethnic groups: black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, European 4%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 3%
Languages: English, French patois
Religions: Protestant 75% (Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%), Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12%
Population: 103,220 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 23.4% (male 12,179/female 11,979)
15-24 years: 17% (male 8,848/female 8,680)
25-54 years: 42.5% (male 22,777/female 21,067)
55-64 years: 8.8% (male 4,627/female 4,412)
65 years and over: 8.4% (male 3,982/female 4,669) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 47.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 37.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.3 %
potential support ratio: 9.7 (2013)
Median age: total: 31.3 years
male: 31.4 years
female: 31.2 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.3% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 14.12 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 7.06 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: -10.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 49% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: KINGSTOWN (capital) 28,000 (2009)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 48 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate: total: 13.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.66 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.62 years
male: 72.69 years
female: 76.62 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.87 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Health expenditures: 4.5% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density: 0.75 physicians/1,000 population (2000)
Hospital bed density: 2.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
rural: 96% of population

rural: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 23.4% (2008)
Education expenditures: 5.1% of GDP (2010)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 96%
male: 96%
female: 96% (1970 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2004)
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Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Government type: parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Capital: name: Kingstown
geographic coordinates: 13 08 N, 61 13 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Independence: 27 October 1979 (from the UK)
National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Constitution: 27 October 1979
Legal system: English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and 6 appointed senators; representatives elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 13 December 2010 (next to be held in 2015)

election results: percent of vote by party - ULP 51.6%, NDP 47.8%, other 0.6%; seats by party - ULP 8, NDP 7
Judicial branch: highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the ECSC - with its headquarters on Saint Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states; 2 High Court judges reside on Saint Vincent and the Grenadines note - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

subordinate courts: magistrates' courts
Political parties and leaders: New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE] Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
International organization participation: ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WTO
National anthem: name: "St. Vincent! Land So Beautiful!"
lyrics/music: Phyllis Joyce MCCLEAN PUNNETT/Joel Bertram MIGUEL

note: adopted 1967
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador La Celia A. PRINCE
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
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Success of the economy hinges upon seasonal variations in agriculture, tourism, and construction activity as well as remittance inflows. Much of the workforce is employed in banana production and tourism, but persistent high unemployment has prompted many to leave the islands. This lower-middle-income country is vulnerable to natural disasters - tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994, 1995, and 2002. In 2008, the islands had more than 200,000 tourist arrivals, mostly to the Grenadines, a drop of nearly 20% from 2007. Saint Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector and has moved to adopt international regulatory standards. The government's ability to invest in social programs and respond to external shocks is constrained by its high public debt burden, which was 68% of GDP at the end of 2011. GDP grew on average 6% annually from 2002-07, but contracted between 2008-10 as a result of the global economic downturn; growth remains slow.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.312 billion (2012 est.) $1.306 billion (2011 est.) $1.301 billion (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $712 million (2012 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 0.5% (2012 est.) 0.4% (2011 est.) -2.3% (2010 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $12,000 (2012 est.) $11,900 (2011 est.) $11,900 (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 90.4%
government consumption: 16.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 23.2%
imports of goods and services: -56.1% (2012 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 90.4%
government consumption: 16.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 23.2%
imports of goods and services: -56.1% (2012 est.)
Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Industries: tourism; food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2012 est.)
Labor force: 57,520 (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 26%
industry: 17%
services: 57% (1980 est.)
Unemployment rate: 15% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $185.2 million
expenditures: $185.2 million (2012 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 26% of GDP (2012 est.)
Public debt: 68% of GDP (2011 est.)
Fiscal year: calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.1% (2012 est.) 4% (2011 est.)
Current account balance: -$226.2 million (2012 est.) -$221.6 million (2011 est.)
Exports: $47.1 million (2012 est.) $43.02 million (2011 est.)
Exports - commodities: bananas, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch; tennis racquets
Exports - partners: Trinidad and Tobago 15.2%, St. Lucia 13.5%, Turkey 12.1%, Barbados 11.2%, Dominica 8.9%, Grenada 8.5%, Antigua and Barbuda 7.6% (2012)
Imports: $295.3 million (2012 est.) $294.5 million (2011 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners: Singapore 27%, Trinidad and Tobago 24.1%, US 18.3%, China 5.4%, Barbados 5.3% (2012)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $95 million (31 December 2012 est.) $89.63 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Debt - external: $265.1 million (31 December 2012 est.) $282.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2012 est.) 2.7 (2011 est.) 2.7 (2010 est.) 2.7 (2009)
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Electricity - production: 132 million kWh (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 187
Electricity - consumption: 122.8 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 49,000 kW (2009 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 81.6% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 18.4% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 1,948 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 1,474 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 332,600 Mt (2010 est.)
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Telephones in use: 22,700 (2011)
country comparison to the world: 186
Cellular Phones in use: 131,800 (2011)
Telephone system: general assessment: adequate islandwide, fully automatic telephone system

domestic: fixed-line teledensity exceeds 20 per 100 persons and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 125 per 100 persons

international: country code - 1-784; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables carry international calls; connectivity also provided by VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia (2011)
Broadcast media: St. Vincent and the Grenadines Broadcasting Corporation operates 1 TV station and 5 repeater stations that provide near total coverage to the multi-island state; multi-channel cable TV service available; a partially government-funded national radio service broadcasts on 1 station and has 2 repeater stations; about a dozen privately owned radio stations and repeater stations (2007)
Internet country code: .vc
Internet hosts: 305 (2012)
Internet users: 76,000 (2009)
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Airports: 6 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 177
Airports (paved runways): total 5

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 1

under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 829 km
paved: 580 km
unpaved: 249 km (2003)
Merchant marine: total 412

by type: bulk carrier 64, cargo 263, carrier 14, chemical tanker 4, container 18, liquefied gas 3, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 9, refrigerated cargo 12, roll on/roll off 15, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: 325 (Austria 1, Azerbaijan 1, Bangladesh 1, Belgium 7, Bermuda 1, Bulgaria 9, China 65, Croatia 8, Cyprus 3, Czech Republic 1, Denmark 9, Dominica 1, Egypt 2, Estonia 8, France 2, Germany 3, Greece 42, Guyana 2, Hong Kong 5, Israel 3, Italy 4, Japan 3, Kenya 2, Latvia 15, Lebanon 2, Lithuania 9, Monaco 2, Netherlands 1, Norway 13, Poland 3, Romania 1, Russia 11, Singapore 5, Slovenia 1, Sweden 10, Switzerland 7, Syria 9, Turkey 13, UAE 3, UK 6, Ukraine 12, US 18, Venezuela 1) (2010)
Ports and terminals: Kingstown
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Military branches: no regular military forces; Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force (RSVPF) (2013)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 27,809 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 22,875
females age 16-49: 22,015 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 964
female: 953 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation
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