San Marino Population: 33,285

923 VISITORS FROM HERE!


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview
  
 History
Geographically the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named MARINUS in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of the EU, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.

 Geography
Landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennine Mountains
Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Geographic coordinates: 43 46 N, 12 25 E
Area: total: 61 sq km
land: 61 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: about one-third the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: total: 37 km border countries (1): Italy 37 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Terrain: rugged mountains
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: building stone
Land use: agricultural land: 16.7% arable land 16.7%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0% forest: 0%
other: 83.3% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards: NA
Current Environment Issues: air pollution; urbanization decreasing rural farmlands
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality: noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese
Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian
Languages: Italian
Religions: Roman Catholic
Population: 33,285 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.46% (male 2,736/female 2,410)
15-24 years: 11.34% (male 1,944/female 1,832)
25-54 years: 41.34% (male 6,480/female 7,280)
55-64 years: 12.52% (male 2,075/female 2,092)
65 years and over: 19.34% (male 2,883/female 3,553) (2016 est.)
Median age: total: 44.2 years
male: 43.1 years
female: 45.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.78% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 8.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: 7.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 94.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.62% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: SAN MARINO 4,000 (2014)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births male: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 83.3 years male: 80.7 years
female: 86.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.5 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures: 6.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density: 5.1 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density: 3.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Education expenditures: 2.4% of GDP (2011)
Literacy:
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 15 years male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2012)
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
conventional short form: San Marino
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
local short form: San Marino
etymology: named after Saint MARINUS, the traditional founder of the country
Government type: parliamentary republic
Capital: name: San Marino (city)
geographic coordinates: 43 56 N, 12 25 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle
Independence: 3 September 301 (traditional founding date)
National holiday: Founding of the Republic, 3 September (A.D. 301)
Constitution: history: consists of several legislative instruments, chief among them the Statutes (Leges Statuti) of 1600 and the Declaration of Citizen Rights of 1974 amendments: proposed by the Great and General Council; passage requires two-thirds majority Council vote; Council passage by absolute majority vote also requires passage in a referendum; Declaration of Civil Rights amended several times, last in 2012 (2016)
Legal system: civil law system with Italian civil law influences
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: co-chiefs of state Captain Regent Marino RICCARDI and Captain Regent Fabio BERARDI (for the period 1 October 2016 - 1 April 2017)

head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Pasquale VALENTINI (since 5 December 2012)

cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Grand and General Council elections/appointments: co-chiefs of state (captains regent) indirectly elected by the Grand and General Council for a single 6-month term; election last held in September 2016 (next to be held in March 2017); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs indirectly elected by the Grand and General Council for a single 5-year term; election last held on 11 November 2012 (next to be held by November 2017)

election results: Marino RICCARDI (PSD) and Fabio BERARDI (PDCS) elected captains regent; percent of Grand and General Council vote - NA; Pasquale VALENTINI (PDCS) elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of Grand and General Council vote - NA

note: the directly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects 2 of its members to serve as the captains regent (co-chiefs of state) for a 6-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 9 other members, all are selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are 9 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has some prime ministerial roles
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members directly elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)

elections: last held on 20 November 2016 (next to be held by November 2021)

election results: percent of vote by party - San Marino First 39.4% (including PDCS 24.5%, PS 7.7%, PSD 7.2%), Adesso, sm 31.0% (including Democratic Socialist Left 12.1%, Repubblica Futura 9.6%, Civic 10 9.3%), Democracy in Action 22.8% (including RETE Movement 18.3%, Democratic Movement-San Marino Together 4.5%); seats by party - San Marino First 25 (PDCS 16, PS 5, PSD 4), Adesso, sm 20 (Democratic Socialist Left 8, Repubblica Futura 6, Civic 10 6), Democracy in Action 15 (including RETE Movement 12, Democratic Movement-San Marino Together 3)
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII (consists of 12 members); note - the College of Guarantors for the Constitutionality and General Norms functions as San Marino's constitutional court judge selection and term of office: judges elected by the Grand and General Council from among its own to serve 5-year terms

subordinate courts: first instance and first appeal criminal, administrative, and civil courts; justices of the peace or conciliatory judges
Political parties and leaders: San Marino Common Good (includes Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Marco GATTI], We Sammarinese or NS [Marco ARZILLI], Party of Socialists and Democrats or PSD [Paride ANDREOLI], Popular Alliance or AP [Gabriele GATTI]) Entente for the Country (Intesa per il Paese; includes Socialist Party or PS [Alessandro BEVITORI], Union for the Republic or UPR [Marco PODESCHI) Active Citizenship (includes Civic 10 [Mateo CIACCI], United Left or SU [Gastone PASOLINI])
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
International organization participation: CE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA (observer), OPCW, OSCE, Schengen Convention (de facto member), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO
National symbol(s): three peaks each displaying a tower; national colors: white, blue
National anthem: name: "Inno Nazionale della Repubblica" (National Anthem of the Republic)
lyrics/music: no lyrics/Federico CONSOLO

note: adopted 1894; the music for the lyric-less anthem is based on a 10th century chorale piece
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Paolo RONDELLI (since 16 July 2007)
chancery: 1711 N Street NW, 2nd floor, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: 202-250-1535
FAX: 202-223-2748
Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the US Ambassador to Italy is accredited to San Marino
^Back to Top
 Economy
San Marino's economy relies heavily on tourism, banking, and the manufacture and export of ceramics, clothing, fabrics, furniture, paints, spirits, tiles, and wine. The manufacturing and financial sectors account for more than half of San Marino's GDP. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy. San Marino's economy has been contracting since 2008, largely due to weakened demand from Italy - which accounts for nearly 90% of its export market - and financial sector consolidation. Difficulties in the banking sector, the recent global economic downturn, and the sizable decline in tax revenues have contributed to negative real GDP growth. The government has adopted measures to counter the downturn, including subsidized credit to businesses and is seeking to shift its growth model away from a reliance on bank and tax secrecy. San Marino does not issue public debt securities; when necessary, it finances deficits by drawing down central bank deposits. The economy benefits from foreign investment due to its relatively low corporate taxes and low taxes on interest earnings. The income tax rate is also very low, about one-third the average EU level. San Marino continues to work towards harmonizing its fiscal laws with EU and international standards. In September 2009, the OECD removed San Marino from its list of tax havens that have yet to fully adopt global tax standards, and in 2010 San Marino signed Tax Information Exchange Agreements with most major countries. In 2013, the San Marino Government signed a Double Taxation Agreement with Italy, but a referendum on EU membership failed to reach the quorum needed to bring it to a vote.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.023 billion (2016 est.) $2.003 billion (2015 est.) $1.993 billion (2014 est.)

note: data are in 2016 dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $1.556 billion (2015 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2016 est.) 0.5% (2015 est.) -1% (2014 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $65,300 (2016 est.) $64,600 (2015 est.) $64,300 (2014 est.)

note: data are in 2016 dollars
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: NA%
government consumption: NA%
investment in fixed capital: NA% investments in inventories: NA%
exports of goods and services: 176.6%
imports of goods and services: -153.3% (2011)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: NA%
government consumption: NA%
investment in fixed capital: NA% investments in inventories: NA%
exports of goods and services: 176.6%
imports of goods and services: -153.3% (2011)
Agriculture - products: wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
Industries: tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Industrial production growth rate: -1.1% (2012 est.)
Labor force: 21,960 (September 2013 es)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.2%
industry: 33.5%
services: 66.3% (September 2013 es)
Unemployment rate: 8.7% (2014 est.) 8.1% (2013 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $667.7 million
expenditures: $712.8 million (2011 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 42.9% of GDP (2011 est.)
Public debt: 25.8% of GDP (2013 est.) 20.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Fiscal year: calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0.6% (2016 est.) 0.1% (2015 est.)
Exports: $3.827 billion (2011 est.) $2.576 billion (2010 est.)
Exports - commodities: building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics
Exports - partners: Italy 82.3% (2012 est.)
Imports: $2.551 billion (2011 est.) $2.132 billion (2010 est.)
Imports - commodities: wide variety of consumer manufactures, food, energy
Imports - partners: Italy 81.8% (2012 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $392 million (2014 est.) $539.3 million (2013 est.)
Debt - external: $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA
Exchange rates: euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.9214 (2016 est.) 0.885 (2015 est.) 0.885 (2014 est.) 0.7634 (2013 est.) 0.7752 2012 est.)
^Back to Top
 Energy
^Back to Top
 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 37,000 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 111 (July 2015 est.)
Telephone system: general assessment: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system

domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity over 160 telephones per 100 persons

international: country code - 378; connected to Italian international network (2015)
Broadcast media: state-owned public broadcaster operates 1 TV station and 3 radio stations; receives radio and TV broadcasts from Italy (2012)
Internet country code: .sm
Internet users: total: 17,200 percent of population: 52.6% (July 2015 est.)
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Roadways: total 292 km
paved: 292 km (2006)
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of Italy
Military branches: no regular military forces; voluntary Military Corps (Corpi Militari) performs ceremonial duties and limited police support functions (2010)
Military service age and obligation: 18 is the legal minimum age for voluntary military service; no conscription; government has the authority to call up all San Marino citizens from 16-60 years of age to service in the military (2012)
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
^Back to Top


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview


   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

Flag Counter