Pitcairn Islands Population: 48

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 History
Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.

 Geography
Britain's most isolated dependency; only the larger island of Pitcairn is inhabited but it has no port or natural harbor; supplies must be transported by rowed longboat from larger ships stationed offshore
Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand
Geographic coordinates: 25 04 S, 130 06 W
Area: total: 47 sq km
land: 47 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: about three tenths the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 51 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; hot and humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)
Terrain: rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Big Ridge 347 m
Natural resources: miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish

note: manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore
Land use: arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2011)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: typhoons (especially November to March)
Current Environment Issues: deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)
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 People
Nationality: noun: Pitcairn Islander(s)
adjective: Pitcairn Islander
Ethnic groups: descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
Languages: English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
Religions: Seventh-Day Adventist 100%
Population: 48 (July 2012 est.)
Population growth rate: 0% (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 0% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratio: NA
Infant mortality rate: total: NA
male: NA
female: NA
Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
conventional short form: Pitcairn Islands
Government type: NA
Capital: name: Adamstown
geographic coordinates: 25 04 S, 130 05 W
time difference: UTC-9 (4 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
Constitution: The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010, effective 4 March 2010
Legal system: local island by-laws
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal with three years residency
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands Victoria M. TREADELL (since May 2010); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since September 2003) serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council

head of government: Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Mike WARREN (since 1 January 2008)

cabinet: NA (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor and commissioner appointed by the monarch; island mayor elected by popular vote for a three-year term; election last held in December 2010 (next to be held in December 2013)

election results: Mike WARREN reelected mayor and chairman of the Island Council
Legislative branch: unicameral Island Council (11 seats; mayor, deputy mayor, 4 members elected by popular vote, 1 member appointed by the governor, 3 ex officio members including governor, deputy governor, and commissioner; deputy mayor and elected members serve two-year terms)

elections: last held on 24 December 2012 (next to be held on 24 December 2014)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - 4 independents
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Pitcairn Court of Appeal (consists of the court president, 2 judges, and the Supreme Court chief justice (ex-officio member); Pitcairn Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 2 judges) note - appeals beyond the Pitcairn Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London); note 2: the Court of Appeal was established in 2000 by an Order in Council judge selection and term of office: all judges of both courts appointed by the governor of the Pitcairn Islands on the instructions of the Queen of England through the Secretary of State; all judges appointed until retirement, normally at age 75

subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court
Political parties and leaders: none
Political pressure groups and leaders: none
International organization participation: SPC, UPU
National anthem: name: "We From Pitcairn Island"
lyrics/music: unknown/Frederick M. LEHMAN

note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
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 Economy
The inhabitants of this tiny isolated economy exist on fishing, subsistence farming, handicrafts, and postage stamps. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $NA
Agriculture - products: honey; wide variety of fruits and vegetables; goats, chickens; fish
Industries: postage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey
Labor force: 15 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation: note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
Budget: revenues: $746,000
expenditures: $1.028 million (FY04/05)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
Exports - commodities: fruits, vegetables, curios, stamps
Imports - commodities: fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs
Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar - 1.2334 (2012) 1.263 (2011) 1.3874 (2010) 1.6002 (2009) 1.4151 (2008)
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 Energy
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 Communications
Telephone system: general assessment: satellite phone services

domestic: domestic communication via radio (CB)

international: country code - 872; satellite earth station - 1 (Inmarsat)
Internet country code: .pn
Internet hosts: 26 (2012)
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 Transportation
Roadways:
Ports and terminals: Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the UK
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 Transnational Issues
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   Source: CIA - The World Factbook

 

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