French Polynesia Population: 285,321

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 History
The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa Atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were halted in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.

 Geography
Includes five archipelagoes: four volcanic (Iles Gambier, Iles Marquises, Iles Tubuai, Society Islands) and one coral (Archipel des Tuamotu); Makatea in French Polynesia is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Nauru
Location: Oceania, five archipelagoes (Archipel des Tuamotu, Iles Gambier, Iles Marquises, Iles Tubuai, Society Islands) in the South Pacific Ocean about halfway between South America and Australia
Geographic coordinates: 15 00 S, 140 00 W
Area: total: 4,167 sq km (118 islands and atolls; 67 are inhabited)
land: 3,827 sq km
water: 340 sq km

Size comparison: slightly less than one-third the size of Connecticut
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 2,525 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical, but moderate
Terrain: mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Land use: agricultural land: 12.5% arable land 0.7%; permanent crops 6.3%; permanent pasture 5.5% forest: 43.7%
other: 43.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: 10 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards: occasional cyclonic storms in January
Current Environment Issues: NA
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 People
Nationality: noun: French Polynesian(s)
adjective: French Polynesian
Ethnic groups: Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Languages: French (official) 61.1%, Polynesian (official) 31.4%, Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
Religions: Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 10%, no religion 6%
Population: 285,321 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 22.9% (male 33,600/female 31,727)
15-24 years: 16.03% (male 23,751/female 21,999)
25-54 years: 44.27% (male 64,759/female 61,562)
55-64 years: 9.13% (male 13,399/female 12,648)
65 years and over: 7.67% (male 10,592/female 11,284) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 42.2%
youth dependency ratio: 31.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 10.7%
potential support ratio: 9.3% (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 31.5 years
male: 31.3 years
female: 31.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.91% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 15 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 55.9% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.85% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: PAPEETE (capital) 133,000 (2014)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births male: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.2 years male: 74.9 years
female: 79.6 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.9 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 98.5% of population
total: 98.5% of population

unimproved:
urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 1.5% of population
total: 1.5% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Literacy:
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 34.2% male: 31.4%
female: 38.5% (2007 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Overseas Lands of French Polynesia
conventional short form: French Polynesia
local long form: Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise
local short form: Polynesie Francaise
former: French Colony of Oceania
etymology: the term "Polynesia" is an 18th-century construct composed of two Greek words, "poly" (many) and "nesoi" (islands), and refers to the more than 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean
Government type: parliamentary democracy (Assembly of French Polynesia); an overseas collectivity of France
Capital: name: Papeete (located on Tahiti)
geographic coordinates: 17 32 S, 149 34 W
time difference: UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: Iles Australes, Iles du Vent, Iles Marquises, Iles Sous-le-Vent, Iles Tuamotu-Gambier
Independence: none (overseas lands of France)
National holiday: Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1789); note - the local holiday is Internal Autonomy Day, 29 June (1880)
Constitution: 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system: the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by High Commissioner of the Republic Rene BIDALL (since 30 May 2016)

head of government: President of French Polynesia Edouard FRITCH (since 12 September 2014)

cabinet: Council of Ministers approved by the Assembly from a list of its members submitted by the president elections/appointments: French president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; French Polynesia president indirectly elected by Assembly of French Polynesia for a 5-year term (no term limits)
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Assembly of French Polynesia or Assemblee de la Polynesie Francaise (57 seats; elections held in two rounds; in the second round, 38 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; the party receiving the most votes gets an additional 19 seats; members serve 5-year terms) note: two seats were elected to the French Senate for a 6-year term on 20 September 2014 (next to be held in September 2022); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Popular Rally 1, People's Servant Party 1; two seats were elected to the French National Assembly for a 5-year term on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by June 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 2; the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) is France's ruling party,

elections: last held on 21 April 2013 and 5 May 2013 (next to be held in 2018)

election results: percent of vote by party - Popular Rally 45.1%, UPD 29.3%, A Tia Porinetia 25.6%; seats by party - Popular Rally 38, UPD 11, A Tia Porinetia 8
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel (composition NA); note - appeals beyond the French Polynesia Court of Appeal are heard by the Court of Cassation (in Paris) judge selection and term of office: judges assigned from France normally for 3 years

subordinate courts: Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif
Political parties and leaders: A Tia Porinetia [Teva ROHFRITSCH] Alliance for a New Democracy or ADN (includes the parties The New Star and This Country is Yours) New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile VERNAUDON] Our Home alliance People's Servant Party (Tavini Huiraatira) [Oscar TEMARU] Popular Rally (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE] Tavini Huiraatira [James CHANCELOR] Union for Democracy alliance or UPD [Oscar TEMARU]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation: ITUC (NGOs), PIF (associate member), SPC, UPU, WMO
National symbol(s): outrigger canoe; national colors: red, white
National anthem: name: "Ia Ora 'O Tahiti Nui" (Long Live Tahiti Nui)
lyrics/music: Maeva BOUGES, Irmine TEHEI, Angele TEROROTUA, Johanna NOUVEAU, Patrick AMARU, Louis MAMATUI, and Jean-Pierre CELESTIN (the compositional group created both the lyrics and music)

note: adopted 1993; serves as a local anthem; as a territory of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas lands of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (overseas lands of France)
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 Economy
Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply. After growing at an average yearly rate of 4.2% from 1997-2007, GDP stagnated in 2008 and fell by 4.2% in 2009, marking French Polynesia’s entry into recession. GDP growth was positive in 2010-12. Following steady employment level increases between 2002 and 2007 that averaged 2.4% yearly, the number of workers fell by an annual average of 2.2% between 2008 and 2013, due in part to decreased tourism (down an average of 4% per year) in that time period. French Polynesia’s tourism-dominated service sector accounted for 85% of total value added for the economy in 2009, employing 80% of the workforce. A small manufacturing sector predominantly processes products from French Polynesia’s primary sector - 3% of total economy - including agriculture, pearl farming, and fishing. Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply. After growing at an average yearly rate of 4.2% from 1997-2007, GDP stagnated in 2008 and fell by 4.2% in 2009, marking French Polynesia’s entry into recession. GDP growth was positive in 2010-12. Following steady employment level increases between 2002 and 2007 that averaged 2.4% yearly, the number of workers fell by an annual average of 2.2% between 2008 and 2013, due in part to decreased tourism (down an average of 4% per year) in that time period. French Polynesia’s tourism-dominated service sector accounted for 85% of total value added for the economy in 2009, employing 80% of the workforce. A small manufacturing sector predominantly processes products from French Polynesia’s primary sector - 3% of total economy - including agriculture, pearl farming, and fishing.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $7.15 billion (2012 est.) $6.982 billion (2011 est.) $6.963 billion (2010 est.) GDP (purchasing power parity): $7.15 billion (2012 est.) $6.982 billion (2011 est.) $6.963 billion (2010 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $7.15 billion (2012 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $7.15 billion (2012 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 2.4% (2012 est.) 0.3% (2011 est.) 2.2% (2010 est.) 2.4% (2012 est.) 0.3% (2011 est.) 2.2% (2010 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $26,100 (2012 est.) $26,000 (2010 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $26,100 (2012 est.) $26,000 (2010 est.)
Agriculture - products: coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits, coffee; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits, coffee; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish
Industries: tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates
Industrial production growth rate: NA% NA%
Labor force: 114,300 (2012 est.) 114,300 (2012 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 13%
industry: 19%
services: 68% (2013) agriculture: 13% industry: 19% services: 68% (2013)
Unemployment rate: 21.8% (2012) 11.7% (2010) 21.8% (2012) 11.7% (2010)
Population below poverty line: 19.7% (2009 est.) 19.7% (2009 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $1.891 billion
expenditures: $1.833 billion (2012) revenues: $1.891 billion expenditures: $1.833 billion (2012)
Taxes and other revenues: 26.4% of GDP (2012) 26.4% of GDP (2012)
Fiscal year: calendar year calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.1% (2013 est.) 1.5% (2011 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.1% (2013 est.) 1.5% (2011 est.)
Exports: $230 million (2013 est.) $211 million (2005 est.) $230 million (2013 est.) $211 million (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities: cultured pearls, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meat cultured pearls, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meat
Exports - partners: Japan 35%, US 24%, Hong Kong 17%, France 9.1%, China 4.2% (2014) Japan 35%, US 24%, Hong Kong 17%, France 9.1%, China 4.2% (2014)
Imports: $1.72 billion (2013 est.) $1.706 billion (2005 est.) $1.72 billion (2013 est.) $1.706 billion (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities: fuels, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment fuels, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment
Imports - partners: France 24%, South Korea 10%, China 9.6%, USA 9.3%, New Zealand 8.5%, Singapore 8.2%, Australia 4% (2014) France 24%, South Korea 10%, China 9.6%, USA 9.3%, New Zealand 8.5%, Singapore 8.2%, Australia 4% (2014)
Debt - external: $NA $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA $NA
Exchange rates: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 89.85 (2013 est.) 90.56 (2012 est.) Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 89.85 (2013 est.) 90.56 (2012 est.)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 800 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 700 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 200,000 kW (2014 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 79% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 21% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2016 es)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 6,700 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 6,636 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 1.1 million Mt (2013 est.)
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 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 268,000 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 95 (July 2015 est.)
Telephone system:

domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular density is roughly 115 per 100 persons

international: country code - 689; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2011)
Broadcast media: the publicly owned French Overseas Network (RFO), which operates in France's overseas departments and territories, broadcasts on 2 TV channels and 1 radio station; 1 government-owned TV station; a small number of privately owned radio stations (2008)
Internet country code: .pf
Internet users: total: 183,000 percent of population: 64.6% (July 2015 est.)
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 Transportation
Airports: 54 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 45
over 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 33
under 914 m: 5 (2013)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 9

914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 5 (2013)
Heliports: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 2,590 km
paved: 1,735 km
unpaved: 855 km (1999)
Merchant marine:

registered in other countries: 12 (Cambodia 1, France 11) (2010)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Papeete
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches: no regular military forces (2011)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
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