Niue Population: 1,229

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 Background
Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, has caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to an estimated 1,229 in 2013) with substantial emigration to New Zealand 2,400 km to the southwest.

 Geography
One of world's largest coral islands
Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W
Area: total: 260 sq km land: 260 sq km water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 64 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Terrain: steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed elevation near Mutalau settlement 68 m
Natural resources: fish, arable land
Land use: arable land: 3.85% permanent crops: 11.54% other: 84.62% (2011)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: typhoons
Current Environment Issues: increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
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 People
Nationality: noun: Niuean(s) adjective: Niuean
Ethnic groups: Niuen 78.2%, Pacific islander 10.2%, European 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3% (2001 census)
Languages: English (official), Niuean (a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan)
Religions: Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, unspecified 8.7%, none 1.9% (2001 census)
Population: 1,229 (July 2013 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.03% (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 38% of total population (2010) rate of urbanization: -1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratio: NA
Infant mortality rate: total: NA
male: NA female: NA
Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA
male: NA female: NA
Health expenditures: 17.4% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density: 4 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Drinking water source: improved: urban: 100% of population rural: 100% of population total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved: urban: 100% of population rural: 100% of population total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Education expenditures: NA
Literacy: definition: NA
total population: 95% male: NA female: NA
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 13 years
male: 12 years female: 15 years (2005)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Niue note: pronunciation falls between nyu-way and new-way, but not like new-wee former: Savage Island
Government type: self-governing parliamentary democracy
Capital: name: Alofi geographic coordinates: 19 01 S, 169 55 W time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages at the second order
Independence: 19 October 1974 (Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand)
National holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
Constitution: 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
Legal system: English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner Mark BLUMSKY (since September 2011) head of government: Premier Toke TALAGI (since 18 June 2008) cabinet: Cabinet consists of the premier and 3 ministers (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the monarchy is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held on 16 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014) election results: Toke TALAGI reelected premier in Legislative Assembly vote; Toke TALAGI - 11, Togia SIONEHOLO - 8
Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives) elections: last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - 20 independents
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the chief justice and up to 3 judges); note - the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) is the final appeal court beyond the Niue Court of Appeal note - Niue is a participant in the Pacific Judicial Development Program; the program is designed to build governance and the rule of law in 15 Pacific island countries judge selection and term of office: Niue chief justice appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the Cabinet and tendered by the premier; other judges appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the Cabinet and tendered by the chief justice and the minister of justice; judges serve until age 68 subordinate courts: High Court
Political parties and leaders: Alliance of Independents or AI Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN]
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
International organization participation: ACP, AOSIS, FAO, IFAD, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
National symbol(s):
National anthem: name: "Ko e Iki he Lagi" (The Lord in Heaven) lyrics/music: unknown/unknown, prepared by Sioeli FUSIKATA note: adopted 1974
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
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 Economy
The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of emigration to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and financial services, although the International Banking Repeal Act of 2002 resulted in the termination of all offshore banking licenses. Economic aid from New Zealand in FY08/09 was US$5.7 million. Niue suffered a devastating typhoon in January 2004, which decimated nascent economic programs. While in the process of rebuilding, Niue has been dependent on foreign aid.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $10.01 million (2003 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $10.01 million (2003)
GDP - real growth rate: 6.2% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,800 (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products: coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
Industries: handicrafts, food processing
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 663 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation: note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
Unemployment rate: 12% (2001)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $15.07 million expenditures: $16.33 million (FY04/05)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4% (2005)
Exports: $201,400 (2004)
Exports - commodities: canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
Imports: $9.038 million (2004)
Imports - commodities: food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs
Debt - external: $418,000 (2002 est.)
Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar - 1.2334 (2012) 1.263 (2011) 1.3874 (2010) 1.6002 (2009) 1.4151 (2008)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 3 million kWh (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 215
Electricity - consumption: 2.79 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 1,000 kW (2009 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: NA bbl/day (2011 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 22.57 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 6,220 Mt (2010 est.)
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 Communications
Telephone system: domestic: single-line telephone system connects all villages on island international: country code - 683 (2001)
Broadcast media: 1 government-owned TV station with many of the programs supplied by Television New Zealand; 1 government-owned radio station broadcasting in AM and FM (2009)
Internet country code: .nu
Internet hosts: 79,508 (2012)
Internet users: 1,100 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 1 (2013) country comparison to the world: 227
Airports (paved runways): total 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2012)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 120 km
paved: 120 km (2008)
Ports and terminals: Alofi
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Military branches: no regular indigenous military forces; Police Force
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 Transnational Issues
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Source: CIA - The World Factbook

 

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