Saint Lucia Population: 162,781

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 History
The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.

 Geography
The twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates: 13 53 N, 60 58 W
Area: total: 616 sq km
land: 606 sq km
water: 10 sq km

Size comparison: three and a half times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 158 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate: tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August
Terrain: volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m
Natural resources: forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
Land use: arable land: 4.84%
permanent crops: 11.29%
other: 83.87% (2011)
Irrigated land: 30 sq km (2007)
Natural hazards: hurricanes; volcanic activity
Current Environment Issues: deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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 People
Nationality: noun: Saint Lucian(s)
adjective: Saint Lucian
Ethnic groups: black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census)
Languages: English (official), French patois
Religions: Roman Catholic 67.5%, Protestant 18.2% (Seventh-Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%), other Christian 5.1%, Rastafarian 2.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census)
Population: 162,781 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.6% (male 18,101/female 17,098)
15-24 years: 16.9% (male 13,872/female 13,602)
25-54 years: 42.9% (male 33,528/female 36,230)
55-64 years: 8.4% (male 6,371/female 7,372)
65 years and over: 10.2% (male 7,510/female 9,097) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 48.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 35.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 13 %
potential support ratio: 7.7 (2013)
Median age: total: 32.2 years
male: 31.1 years
female: 33.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.36% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 14.19 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 7.21 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 28% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: CASTRIES (capital) 15,000 (2009)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 35 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate: total: 12.07 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.22 years
male: 74.52 years
female: 80.08 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.78 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Health expenditures: 8.7% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density: 0.47 physicians/1,000 population (2002)
Hospital bed density: 1.5 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 96% of population

unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 71% of population
rural: 63% of population
total: 65% of population

unimproved:
urban: 29% of population
rural: 37% of population
total: 35% of population (2010 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 21.4% (2008)
Education expenditures: 4.4% of GDP (2011)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 90.1%
male: 89.5%
female: 90.6% (2001 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 40.8%
male: 37.1%
female: 45.5% (2004)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Saint Lucia
Government type: parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Capital: name: Castries
geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 61 00 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul, Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort
Independence: 22 February 1979 (from the UK)
National holiday: Independence Day, 22 February (1979)
Constitution: 22 February 1979
Legal system: English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since September 1997)

head of government: Prime Minister Kenny Davis ANTHONY (since 30 November 2011)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; six members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after consultation with religious, economic, and social groups) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held in 2016)

election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - SLP 49.68%, UWP 45.83%; seats by party - SLP 11, UWP 6
Judicial branch: highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states; 3 High Court judges reside on Saint Lucia note - Saint Lucia is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

subordinate courts: magistrate's court
Political parties and leaders: Lucian People's Movement or LPM [Therold PRUDENT] Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenny ANTHONY] United Workers Party or UWP [Stephenson KING]
International organization participation: ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CD, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National symbol(s): twin pitons (volcanic peaks); Saint Lucia parrot
National anthem: name: "Sons and Daughters of St. Lucia"
lyrics/music: Charles JESSE/Leton Felix THOMAS

note: adopted 1967
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Sonia Merlyn JOHNNY
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 364-6792 through 6795
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6723
consulate(s) general: Coral Gables (FL), New York
Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia
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 Economy
The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries. Tourism is Saint Lucia's main source of jobs and income - accounting for 65% of GDP - and the island's main source of foreign exchange earnings. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area. Crops such as bananas, mangos, and avocados continue to be grown for export, but St. Lucia''s once solid banana industry has been devastated by strong competition and by Hurricane Tomas in 2010. Saint Lucia is vulnerable to a variety of external shocks, including volatile tourism receipts, natural disasters, and dependence on foreign oil. Furthermore, high public debt - 77% of GDP in 2012 - and high debt servicing obligations constrain the ANTHONY administration''s ability to respond to adverse external shocks. St. Lucia has experienced anemic growth since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008, largely because of a slowdown in tourism. As airlines cut back on their routes to St. Lucia in 2012, tourism growth slowed. Also, St. Lucia introduced a value added tax in 2012 of 15%, becoming the last country in the Eastern Caribbean to do so.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.233 billion (2012 est.) $2.243 billion (2011 est.) $2.212 billion (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $1.22 billion (2012 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: -0.4% (2012 est.) 1.4% (2011 est.) 0.2% (2010 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $13,300 (2012 est.) $13,500 (2011 est.) $13,400 (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 59%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 39.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 52%
imports of goods and services: -68.5% (2012 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 59%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 39.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 52%
imports of goods and services: -68.5% (2012 est.)
Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa
Industries: tourism; clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, lime processing, coconut processing
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 79,700 (2012)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 21.7%
industry: 24.7%
services: 53.6% (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate: 20% (2003 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $185.2 million
expenditures: $222.2 million (2011 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 15.2% of GDP (2011 est.)
Public debt: 77% of GDP (2012 est.) 77% of GDP (2010 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.7% (2012 est.) 2.8% (2011 est.)
Current account balance: -$178.3 million (2012 est.) -$220.4 million (2011 est.)
Exports: $203.3 million (2012 est.) $179.8 million (2011 est.)
Exports - commodities: bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, avacados, mangoes, coconut oil
Exports - partners: US 13.1%, Peru 10.1%, UK 9.7%, Antigua and Barbuda 9.7%, Dominica 9.4%, France 8.5%, Barbados 8.5%, Trinidad and Tobago 7.9%, Grenada 6.4% (2012)
Imports: $552.3 million (2012 est.) $616 million (2011 est.)
Imports - commodities: food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels
Imports - partners: Brazil 55%, US 18.3%, Trinidad and Tobago 9.5% (2012)
Debt - external: $438.8 million (31 December 2012 est.) $447.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2012 est.) 2.7 (2011 est.) 2.7 (2010 est.) 2.7 (2009)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 358 million kWh (2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 165
Electricity - consumption: 317.3 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 76,000 kW (2009 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 2,922 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 2,980 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 430,800 Mt (2010 est.)
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 35,900 (2011)
country comparison to the world: 171
Cellular Phones in use: 216,500 (2011)
Telephone system: general assessment: an adequate system that is automatically switched

domestic: fixed-line teledensity is 25 per 100 persons and mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 130 per 100 persons

international: country code - 1-758; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables, along with Intelsat from Martinique, carry calls internationally; direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados (2010)
Broadcast media: 3 privately owned TV stations; 1 public TV station operating on a cable network; multi-channel cable TV service available; a mix of state-owned and privately owned broadcasters operate nearly 25 radio stations including repeater transmission stations (2007)
Internet country code: .lc
Internet hosts: 100 (2012)
Internet users: 142,900 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 2 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 205
Airports (paved runways): total 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 1,210 km
(2002)
Ports and terminals: Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort
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 Military
Military branches: no regular military forces; Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit, Marine Unit) (2012)
Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for voluntary security service; no national army (2012)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 41,414 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 32,688
females age 16-49: 36,289 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 1,574
female: 1,502 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs: transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe
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