Guernsey Population: 66,297

9 VISITORS FROM HERE!


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview
  
 History
Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

 Geography
Large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
Location: Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates: 49 28 N, 2 35 W
Area: total: 78 sq km
land: 78 sq km
water: 0 sq km

note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands

Size comparison: about one-half the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 50 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 nm exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Climate: temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
Terrain: mostly flat with low hills in southwest
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: cropland
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: NA
Current Environment Issues: NA
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality: noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander
Ethnic groups: British and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
Languages: English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
Religions: Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Roman Catholic
Population: 66,297 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.46% (male 4,956/female 4,630)
15-24 years: 11.45% (male 3,877/female 3,715)
25-54 years: 41.89% (male 14,009/female 13,760)
55-64 years: 12.93% (male 4,267/female 4,304)
65 years and over: 19.28% (male 5,797/female 6,982) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 47%
youth dependency ratio: 21.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 25.4%
potential support ratio: 3.9% note: data represent the Channel Islands (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 43.6 years
male: 42.3 years
female: 44.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.32% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 9.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: 2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 31.4% of total population (2014)
rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) note: data are for the Channel Islands
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.5 years male: 79.9 years
female: 85.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.56 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Literacy:
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey
conventional short form: Guernsey
etymology: the name is of Old Norse origin, but the meaning of the root "Guern(s)" is uncertain; the "-ey" ending means "island"
Government type: parliamentary democracy (States of Deliberation); a Crown dependency of the UK
Capital: name: Saint Peter Port
geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions: none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale
Independence: none (British crown dependency)
National holiday: Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Constitution: history: unwritten; includes royal charters, statutes, and common law and practice amendments: new laws or changes to existing laws are initiated by the States of Deliberation; passage requires majority vote (2016)
Legal system: customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French civil code and English common law
Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Vice Admiral Ian CORDER (since 14 March 2016)

head of government: Chief Minister Gavin ST.PIER (since 6 May 2016); Bailiff Sir Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012); note - Chief Minister is the president of the Policy and Resources Committee and is the de facto head of government; The Policy and Resources Committee, elected by the States of Deliberation, functions as the executive; the five members all have equal voting rights

cabinet: none elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister indirectly elected by States of Deliberation; last held on 6 May 2016 (next to be held in 2020)

election results: Gavin ST.PIER (independent) elected as president of the Policy and Resources Committee and Chief Minister
Legislative branch: description: unicameral States of Deliberation (40 seats; 38 People's Deputies and 2 representatives of the States of Alderney; members directly elected by majority vote to serve 4-year terms); note - non-voting members include the bailiff (presiding officer), attorney-general, and solicitor-general

elections: last held on 27 April 2016 (next to be held in 2020)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - all independent
Judicial branch: highest resident court(s): Guernsey Court of Appeal (consists of the Bailiff of Guernsey, who is the ex-officio president of the Guernsey Court of Appeal, and at least 12 judges); Royal Court (organized into 3 divisions - Full Court sits with 1 judge and 7 to 12 jurats acting as judges of fact, Ordinary Court sits with 1 judge and normally 3 jurats, and Matrimonial Causes Division sits with a 1 judge and 4 jurats); note - appeals beyond Guernsey courts are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) judge selection and term of office: Royal Court Bailiff, Deputy Bailiff, and Court of Appeal justices appointed by the British Crown and hold office at Her Majesty's pleasure; jurats elected by the States of Election, a body chaired by the Bailiff and a number of jurats

subordinate courts: Court of Alderney; Court of the Seneschal of Sark; Magistrate's Court (includes Juvenile Court); Contracts Court; Ecclesiastical Court; Court of Chief Pleas
Political parties and leaders: none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders: Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPS
International organization participation: UPU
National symbol(s): Guernsey cow, donkey; national colors: red, white, yellow
National anthem: name: "Sarnia Cherie" (Guernsey Dear)
lyrics/music: George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELO

note: adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (British crown dependency)
^Back to Top
 Economy
Financial services account for about 40% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. In October 2014, Guernsey signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion. Financial services account for about 40% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. In October 2014, Guernsey signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.451 billion (2014 est.) $3.42 billion (2013 est.) $3.36 billion (2012 est.) GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.451 billion (2014 est.) $3.42 billion (2013 est.) $3.36 billion (2012 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $2.742 billion (2005 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $2.742 billion (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 0.9% (2014 est.) 1.2% (2013 est.) 4.2% (2012 est.) 0.9% (2014 est.) 1.2% (2013 est.) 4.2% (2012 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $52,300 (2014 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $52,300 (2014 est.)
Agriculture - products: tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle
Industries: tourism, banking tourism, banking
Industrial production growth rate: NA% NA%
Labor force: 31,470 (March 2006) 31,470 (March 2006)
Unemployment rate: 0.9% (March 2006 est.) 0.9% (March 2006 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA% NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $563.6 million
expenditures: $530.9 million (2005) revenues: $563.6 million expenditures: $530.9 million (2005)
Taxes and other revenues: 20.6% of GDP (2005) 20.6% of GDP (2005)
Fiscal year: calendar year calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (June 2006 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (June 2006 est.)
Exports: $NA $NA
Exports - commodities: tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
Imports: $NA $NA
Imports - commodities: coal, gasoline, oil, machinery, and equipment coal, gasoline, oil, machinery, and equipment
Debt - external: $NA $NA
Exchange rates: Guernsey pound per US dollar 0.7391 (2016 est.) 0.6542 (2015 est.) 0.6542 (2014) 0.607 (2013) 0.63 (2012) Guernsey pound per US dollar 0.7391 (2016 est.) 0.6542 (2015 est.) 0.6542 (2014) 0.607 (2013) 0.63 (2012)
^Back to Top
 Energy
^Back to Top
 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 67,500 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 103 (July 2013 est.)
Telephone system:

domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available

international: country code - 44; 1 submarine cable (2015)
Broadcast media: multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey with relays in Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney; satellite packages are available; BBC Radio Guernsey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)
Internet country code: .gg
Internet users: total: 55,050 percent of population: 83.3% (July 2015 est.)
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Airports: 2 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways:
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the UK
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
^Back to Top


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview


   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

Flag Counter