Cook Islands Population: 9,556

669 VISITORS FROM HERE!


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview
  
 History
Named after Captain COOK, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900, administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965, residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand, government deficits, and limited natural resources are of continuing concern.

 Geography
The northern Cook Islands are seven low-lying, sparsely populated, coral atolls; the southern Cook Islands, where most of the population lives, consist of eight elevated, fertile, volcanic isles, including the largest, Rarotonga, at 67 sq km
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand
Geographic coordinates: 21 14 S, 159 46 W
Area: total: 236 sq km
land: 236 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: 1.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 120 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate: tropical oceanic; moderated by trade winds; a dry season from April to November and a more humid season from December to March
Terrain: low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: coconuts (copra)
Land use: agricultural land: 8.4% arable land 4.2%; permanent crops 4.2%; permanent pasture 0% forest: 64.6%
other: 27% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: typhoons (November to March)
Current Environment Issues: NA
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality: noun: Cook Islander(s)
adjective: Cook Islander
Ethnic groups: Cook Island Maori (Polynesian) 81.3%, part Cook Island Maori 6.7%, other 11.9% (2011 est.)
Languages: English (official) 86.4%, Cook Islands Maori (Rarotongan) (official) 76.2%, other 8.3% note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2011 est.)
Religions: Protestant 62.8% (Cook Islands Christian Church 49.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 7.9%, Assemblies of God 3.7%, Apostolic Church 2.1%), Roman Catholic 17%, Mormon 4.4%, other 8%, none 5.6%, no response 2.2% (2011 est.)
Population: 9,556 (July 2016 est.) note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 12,000 in December 2015
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.61% (male 1,093/female 972)
15-24 years: 17.2% (male 877/female 767)
25-54 years: 38.08% (male 1,822/female 1,817)
55-64 years: 11.34% (male 584/female 500)
65 years and over: 11.76% (male 554/female 570) (2016 est.)
Median age: total: 35.9 years
male: 35.3 years
female: 36.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: -2.88% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 14.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 74.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.88% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 13.5 deaths/1,000 live births male: 16.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.8 years male: 73 years
female: 78.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.21 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures: 3.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density: 1.33 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.9% of population
total: 99.9% of population

unimproved:
urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.1% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 97.6% of population
total: 97.6% of population

unimproved:
urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 2.4% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 50% (2014)
Education expenditures: 4% of GDP (2015)
Literacy:
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 15 years male: 14 years
female: 17 years (2014)
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Cook Islands
etymology: named after Captain James COOK, the British explorer who visited the islands in 1773 and 1777
Government type: self-governing parliamentary democracy (Parliament of the Cook Islands) in free association with New Zealand
Capital: name: Avarua
geographic coordinates: 21 12 S, 159 46 W
time difference: UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none
Independence: none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)
National holiday: Constitution Day, first Monday in August (1965)
Constitution: 4 August 1965 (Cook Islands Constitution Act 1964); amended many times, last in 2004 (2016)
Legal system: common law similar to New Zealand common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Tom J. MARSTERS (since 9 August 2013); New Zealand High Commissioner Joanna KEMPKERS (since 19 July 2013)

head of government: Prime Minister Henry PUNA (since 30 November 2010)

cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; UK representative appointed by the monarch; New Zealand high commissioner appointed by the New Zealand Government; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually becomes prime minister
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Parliament, formerly the Legislative Assembly (24 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms); note - the House of Ariki, a 24-member parliamentary body of traditional leaders appointed by the Queen's representative serves as a consultative body to the Parliament

elections: last held on 9 July 2014 (next to be held by 2018)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CIP 13, Demo 8, One Cook Islands Movement 2, 1 undecided
Judicial branch: highest resident court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the chief justice and 3 judges of the High Court); High Court (consists of the chief justice and at least 4 judges and organized into civil, criminal, and land divisions); note - appeals beyond the Cook Islands Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) judge selection and term of office: High Court chief justice appointed by the Queen's Representative on the advice of the Executive Council tendered by the prime minister; other judges appointed by the Queen's Representative, on the advice of the Executive Council tendered by the chief justice, High Court chief justice, and the minister of justice; chief justice and judges appointed for 3-year renewable terms

subordinate courts: justices of the peace
Political parties and leaders: Cook Islands Party or CIP [Henry PUNA] Democratic Party or Demo [William HEATHER] One Cook Islands Movement [Teina BISHOP]
Political pressure groups and leaders: Reform Conference (lobby for political system changes) other: various groups lobbying for political change
International organization participation: ACP, ADB, AOSIS, FAO, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IMO, IMSO, IOC, ITUC (NGOs), OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
National symbol(s): a circle of 15, five-pointed, white stars on a blue field; national colors: blue, white
National anthem: name: "Te Atua Mou E" (To God Almighty)
lyrics/music: Tepaeru Te RITO/Thomas DAVIS

note: adopted 1982; as prime minister, Sir Thomas DAVIS composed the anthem; his wife, a tribal chief, wrote the lyrics
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)
^Back to Top
 Economy
Like many other South Pacific island nations, the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, the limited size of domestic markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture, employing more than one-quarter of the working population, provides the economic base with major exports of copra and citrus fruit. Black pearls are the Cook Islands' leading export. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are offset by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid overwhelmingly from New Zealand. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country lived beyond its means, maintaining a bloated public service and accumulating a large foreign debt. Subsequent reforms, including the sale of state assets, the strengthening of economic management, the encouragement of tourism, and a debt restructuring agreement, have rekindled investment and growth. Like many other South Pacific island nations, the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, the limited size of domestic markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture, employing more than one-quarter of the working population, provides the economic base with major exports of copra and citrus fruit. Black pearls are the Cook Islands' leading export. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are offset by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid overwhelmingly from New Zealand. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country lived beyond its means, maintaining a bloated public service and accumulating a large foreign debt. Subsequent reforms, including the sale of state assets, the strengthening of economic management, the encouragement of tourism, and a debt restructuring agreement, have rekindled investment and growth.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $244.1 million (2010 est.) $183.2 million (2005 est.) GDP (purchasing power parity): $244.1 million (2010 est.) $183.2 million (2005 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $244.1 million (2010 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $244.1 million (2010 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 0.1% (2005 est.) 0.1% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $12,300 (2010 est.) $9,100 (2005 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $12,300 (2010 est.) $9,100 (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro, coffee; pigs, poultry copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro, coffee; pigs, poultry
Industries: fruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts fruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2002) 1% (2002)
Labor force: 6,820 (2001) 6,820 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 29%
industry: 15%
services: 56% (1995) agriculture: 29% industry: 15% services: 56% (1995)
Unemployment rate: 13.1% (2005) 13.1% (2005)
Population below poverty line: NA% NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $86.9 million
expenditures: $77.9 million (2010) revenues: $86.9 million expenditures: $77.9 million (2010)
Taxes and other revenues: 35.6% of GDP (2010 est.) 35.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.2% (2011 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.2% (2011 est.)
Current account balance: $26.67 million (2005) $26.67 million (2005)
Exports: $3.125 million (2011 est.) $5.163 million (2010 est.) $3.125 million (2011 est.) $5.163 million (2010 est.)
Exports - commodities: copra, papayas, fresh and canned citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing copra, papayas, fresh and canned citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing
Imports: $109.3 million (2011 est.) $90.62 million (2010 est.) $109.3 million (2011 est.) $90.62 million (2010 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber, capital goods foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber, capital goods
Debt - external: $141 million (1996 est.) $141 million (1996 est.)
Exchange rates: NZ dollars (NZD) per US dollar - 1.4279 (2015 est.) 1.441 (2014 est.) 1.4279 (2013 est.) 1.2187 (2013 est.) 1.23 (2012 est.) NZ dollars (NZD) per US dollar - 1.4279 (2015 est.) 1.441 (2014 est.) 1.4279 (2013 est.) 1.2187 (2013 est.) 1.23 (2012 est.)
^Back to Top
 Energy
Electricity - production: 34 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 31.62 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 9,000 kW (2014 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 99.5% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0.5% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2016 es)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 530 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 528.2 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 200,000 Mt (2013 est.)
^Back to Top
 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 7,800 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 66 (July 2015 est.)
Telephone system: general assessment: Telecom Cook Islands offers international direct dialing, Internet, email, fax, and Telex

domestic: individual islands are connected by a combination of satellite earth stations, microwave systems, and VHF and HF radiotelephone; within the islands, service is provided by small exchanges connected to subscribers by open-wire, cable, and fiber-optic cable

international: country code - 682; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Broadcast media: 1 privately owned TV station broadcasts from Rarotonga providing a mix of local news and overseas-sourced programs; a satellite program package is available; 6 radio stations broadcast with 1 reportedly reaching all of the islands (2009)
Internet country code: .ck
Internet users: total: 6,000 percent of population: 61% (July 2015 est.)
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Airports: 11 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 10

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 320 km
paved: 33 km
unpaved: 287 km (2003)
Merchant marine: total 35

by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 25, passenger 1, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/roll off 1

foreign-owned: 23 (Estonia 1, Germany 1, Lithuania 1, Norway 8, NZ 2, Russia 1, Sweden 3, Turkey 4, UK 2) (2010)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Avatiu
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of New Zealand in consultation with the Cook Islands and at its request
Military branches: no regular military forces; National Police Department
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
^Back to Top


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview


   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

Flag Counter