Cote d'Ivoire Population: 23,740,424

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 History
Close ties to France following independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment all made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the West African states but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and an election brought Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivoirian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002 that developed into a rebellion and then a civil war. In 2003, a cease-fire resulted in the country being divided with the rebels holding the north, the government the south, and peacekeeping forces a buffer zone between the two. In March 2007, President GBAGBO and former New Forces rebel leader Guillaume SORO signed an agreement in which SORO joined GBAGBO's government as prime minister and the two agreed to reunite the country by dismantling the buffer zone, integrating rebel forces into the national armed forces, and holding elections. Difficulties in preparing electoral registers delayed balloting until 2010. In November 2010, Alassane Dramane OUATTARA won the presidential election over GBAGBO, but GBAGBO refused to hand over power, resulting in a five-month resumption of violent conflict. In April 2011, after widespread fighting, GBAGBO was formally forced from office by armed OUATTARA supporters with the help of UN and French forces. The UN peacekeeping mission is drawing down and is scheduled to depart in June 2017. OUATTARA is focused on rebuilding the country's economy and infrastructure while rebuilding the security forces. GBAGBO is in The Hague on trial for crimes against humanity.

 Geography
Most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal region; apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely populated
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 5 00 W
Area: total: 322,463 sq km
land: 318,003 sq km
water: 4,460 sq km

Size comparison: slightly larger than New Mexico
Land Boundaries: total: 3,458 km border countries (5): Burkina Faso 545 km, Ghana 720 km, Guinea 816 km, Liberia 778 km, Mali 599 km
Coastline: 515 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate: tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)
Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower
Land use: agricultural land: 64.8% arable land 9.1%; permanent crops 14.2%; permanent pasture 41.5% forest: 32.7%
other: 2.5% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: 730 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards: coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible
Current Environment Issues: deforestation (most of the country's forests - once the largest in West Africa - have been heavily logged); water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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 People
Nationality: noun: Ivoirian(s)
adjective: Ivoirian
Ethnic groups: Akan 32.1%, Voltaique or Gur 15%, Northern Mande 12.4%, Krou 9.8%, Southern Mande 9%, other 21.2% (includes European and Lebanese descent), unspecified 0.5% (2011-12 est.)
Languages: French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken
Religions: Muslim 40.2%, Catholic 19.4%, Evangelical 19.3%, Methodist 2.5%, other Christian 4.5%, animist or no religion 12.8%, other religion/unspecified 1.4% (2011-12 est.)

note: the majority of foreign migrant workers are Muslim (72%) and Christian (18%) (2014 est.)
Population: 23,740,424 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 37.45% (male 4,483,215/female 4,407,595)
15-24 years: 20.93% (male 2,504,188/female 2,463,970)
25-54 years: 34.05% (male 4,133,975/female 3,950,734)
55-64 years: 4.15% (male 493,722/female 491,230)
65 years and over: 3.42% (male 389,551/female 422,244) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 83.5%
youth dependency ratio: 77.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6%
potential support ratio: 18% (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 20.7 years
male: 20.8 years
female: 20.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.88% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 28.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 9.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 54.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.69% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) 259,000 (2014); ABIDJAN (seat of government) 4.86 million; Bouake 762,000 (2015)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth: 19.8 note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011/12 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 645 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 57.2 deaths/1,000 live births male: 63.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 51.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 58.7 years male: 57.5 years
female: 59.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.46 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate: 18.2% (2011/12)
Health expenditures: 5.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density: 0.14 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density: 0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 93.1% of population
rural: 68.8% of population
total: 81.9% of population

unimproved:
urban: 6.9% of population
rural: 31.2% of population
total: 18.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 32.8% of population
rural: 10.3% of population
total: 22.5% of population

unimproved:
urban: 67.2% of population
rural: 89.7% of population
total: 77.5% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 3.17% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 464,700 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 25,100 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 8% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 15.7% (2012)
Education expenditures: 4.7% of GDP (2014)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 43.1%
male: 53.1%
female: 32.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 9 years male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2014)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
conventional short form: Cote d'Ivoire
local long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
local short form: Cote d'Ivoire note: pronounced coat-div-whar
former: Ivory Coast
etymology: name reflects the intense ivory trade that took place in the region from the 15th to 17th centuries
Government type: presidential republic
Capital: name: Yamoussoukro; note - although Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983, Abidjan remains the commercial and administrative center; the US, like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan
geographic coordinates: 6 49 N, 5 16 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 12 districts and 2 autonomous districts*; Abidjan*, Bas-Sassandra, Comoe, Denguele, Goh-Djiboua, Lacs, Lagunes, Montagnes, Sassandra-Marahoue, Savanes, Vallee du Bandama, Woroba, Yamoussoukro*, Zanzan
Independence: 7 August 1960 (from France)
National holiday: Independence Day, 7 August (1960)
Constitution: previous 1960, 2000; latest draft completed 24 September 2016, approved by referendum 30 October 2016, promulaged 8 November 2016 (2016)
Legal system: civil law system based on the French civil code; judicial review of legislation held in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Alassane Dramane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010); note - the constitution of 2016 calls for the position of a vice-president

head of government: Prime Minister Daniel Kablan DUNCAN (since 21 November 2012)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (no term limits); election last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held in 2020); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Alassane OUATTARA elected president; percent of vote - Alassane OUATTARA (RDR) 83.7%, Pascal Affi N'GUESSAN (ADF) 9.3%, Konan Bertin KOUADIO (independent) 3.9%, other 3.1%
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Parliament consists of the National Assembly (255 seats; members directly elected in single- and multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms); note - the new constitution of November 2016 calls for a bicameral legislature with the addition of a Senate

elections: last held on 11 December 2011 (next to be held on 18 December 2016)

election results: percent of vote by party - RDR 42.1%, PDCI 28.6%, UDPCI 3.1%, RDP 1.7%, other 24.5%; seats by party - RDR 122, PDCI 76, UDPCI 6, RDP 4, other 16, independents 31
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (organized into Judicial, Audit, Constitutional, and Administrative Chambers; consists of the court president, 3 vice-presidents for the Judicial, Audit, and Administrative chambers, and 9 associate justices or magistrates) judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the Superior Council of the Magistrature, a 7-member body consisting of the national president (chairman), 3 "bench" judges, and 3 public prosecutors; judges appointed for life

subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal (organized into civil, criminal, and social chambers); first instance courts; peace courts
Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire or PDCI [Henri Konan BEDIE] Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [Pascal AFFIN'GUISSAN] Liberty and Democracy for the Republic or LIDER [Mamadou KOULIBALY] Movement of the Future Forces or MFA [Innocent Augustin ANAKY KOBENA] Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Alassane Dramane OUATTARA] Union for Cote d'Ivoire or UPCI [Gnamien KONA] Union for Democracy and Peace in Cote d'Ivoire or UDPCI [Albert Toikeuse MABRI] more than 144 smaller registered parties
Political pressure groups and leaders: Federation of University and High School Students of Cote d'Ivoire or FESCI [Augustin MIAN] National Congress for the Resistance and Democracy or CNRD [Bernard DADIE] Panafrican Congress for Justice and Peoples Equality or COJEP [Roselin BLY]
International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National symbol(s): elephant; national colors: orange, white, green
National anthem: name: "L'Abidjanaise" (Song of Abidjan)
lyrics/music: Mathieu EKRA, Joachim BONY, and Pierre Marie COTY/Pierre Marie COTY and Pierre Michel PANGO

note: adopted 1960; although the nation's capital city moved from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro in 1983, the anthem still owes its name to the former capital
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Daouda DIABATE (since 11 February 2011)
chancery: 2424 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 797-0300
FAX: [1] (202) 462-9444
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Charge d'Affaires Andrew Haviland (since 2016); Ambassador Terence Patrick MCCULLEY retired in 2016
embassy: Cocody Riviera Golf 01, Abidjan
mailing address: B. P. 1712, Abidjan 01
telephone: [225] 22 49 40 00
FAX: [225] 22 49 42 02
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 Economy
Cote d'Ivoire is heavily dependent on agriculture and related activities, which engage roughly two-thirds of the population. Cote d'Ivoire is the world's largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans and a significant producer and exporter of coffee and palm oil. Consequently, the economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for these products and in climatic conditions. Cocoa, oil, and coffee are the country's top export revenue earners, but the country is also mining gold. Following the end of more than a decade of civil conflict in 2011, Cote d’Ivoire has experienced a boom in foreign investment and economic growth. In June 2012, the IMF and the World Bank announced $4.4 billion in debt relief for Cote d'Ivoire under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $87.12 billion (2016 est.) $80.68 billion (2015 est.) $74.33 billion (2014 est.)

note: data are in 2016 dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $34.65 billion (2015 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 8% (2016 est.) 8.5% (2015 est.) 7.9% (2014 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,600 (2016 est.) $3,400 (2015 est.) $3,200 (2014 est.)

note: data are in 2016 dollars
Gross national saving: 18.4% of GDP (2016 est.) 16.8% of GDP (2015 est.) 19.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 66%
government consumption: 15.2%
investment in fixed capital: 16.9%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 43.3%
imports of goods and services: -42.2% (2016 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 66%
government consumption: 15.2%
investment in fixed capital: 16.9%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 43.3%
imports of goods and services: -42.2% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - products: coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber
Industries: foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, gold mining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity
Industrial production growth rate: 8.5% (2016 est.)
Labor force: 8.543 million (2016 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 68% industry and
services: NA% (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate: NA%
Population below poverty line: 42% (2006 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 31.8% (2008)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 41.5 (2008) 36.7 (1995)
Budget: revenues: $6.839 billion
expenditures: $8.17 billion (2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 19.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Public debt: 50.9% of GDP (2016 est.) 49.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Fiscal year: calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.2% (2016 est.) 1.3% (2015 est.)
Current account balance: -$609 million (2016 est.) -$567 million (2015 est.)
Exports: $11.73 billion (2016 est.) $11.98 billion (2015 est.)
Exports - commodities: cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
Exports - partners: US 8.5%, Netherlands 6.2%, France 5.6%, Germany 5.6%, Nigeria 5.5%, Burkina Faso 5.5%, Belgium 5.3%, India 4.6%, Ghana 4.4%, Switzerland 4.1% (2015)
Imports: $8.966 billion (2016 est.) $8.609 billion (2015 est.)
Imports - commodities: fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs
Imports - partners: Nigeria 21.9%, China 14.4%, France 11.4%, Bahamas, The 5% (2015)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $4.952 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $4.716 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Debt - external: $12.84 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $11.71 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $12.49 billion (31 December 2015 est.) $11.71 billion (31 December 2014 est.) $11.82 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 604.4 (2016 est.) 591.45 (2015 est.) 591.45 (2014 est.) 494.42 (2013 est.) 510.29 (2012 est.)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 7.9 billion kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 5.8 billion kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - exports: 900 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - imports: 54 million kWh (2012 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 1.5 million kW (2014 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 60.3% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 39.7% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Crude oil - production: 33,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 35,150 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 74,960 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 100 million bbl (1 January 2016 es)
Refined petroleum products - production: 76,910 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 38,000 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 44,020 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 3,369 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Natural gas - production: 1.996 billion cu m (2014 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 1.996 billion cu m (2014 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 28.32 billion cu m (1 January 2016 es)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 6.6 million Mt (2013 est.)
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 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 25.408 million subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 109 (July 2015 est.)
Telephone system: general assessment: well-developed by African standards; telecommunications sector privatized in late 1990s and operational fixed lines have increased since that time with two fixed-line providers operating over open-wire lines, microwave radio relay, and fiber-optics; 90% d

domestic: with multiple mobile-cellular service providers competing in the market, usage has increased sharply to well over 105 per 100 persons

international: country code - 225; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2011)
Broadcast media: 2 state-owned TV stations; no private terrestrial TV stations, but satellite TV subscription service is available; 2 state-owned radio stations; some private radio stations; transmissions of several international broadcasters are available (2007)
Internet country code: .ci
Internet users: total: 4.892 million percent of population: 21% (July 2015 est.)
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 Transportation
Airports: 27 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 7
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2013)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 20

1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 11
under 914 m: 3 (2013)
Heliports: 1 (2013)
Pipelines: condensate 101 km; gas 256 km; oil 118 km; oil/gas/water 5 km; water 7 km (2013)
Railways: total 660 km

narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-m gauge

note: an additional 622 km of this railroad extends into Burkina Faso (2008)
Roadways: total 81,996 km
paved: 6,502 km
unpaved: 75,494 km

note: includes intercity and urban roads; another 20,000 km of dirt roads are in poor condition and 150,000 km of dirt roads are impassable (2007)
Waterways: 980 km (navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons) (2011)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Abidjan, San-Pedro oil terminal(s): Espoir Offshore Terminal
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 Military
Military branches: Republican Forces of Cote d'Ivoire (Force Republiques de Cote d'Ivoire, FRCI): Army, Navy, Cote d'Ivoire Air Force (Force Aerienne de la Cote d'Ivoire) (2015)
Military service age and obligation: 18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary male and female military service; conscription is not enforced; voluntary recruitment of former rebels into the new national army is restricted to ages 22-29 (2012)
Military expenditures: 1.65% of GDP (2012) 1.49% of GDP (2011) 1.65% of GDP (2010)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: disputed maritime border between Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana
Refugees and internally displaced persons: IDPs: 308,272 (post-election conflict in 2010-2011, as well as civil war from 2002-2004; most pronounced in western and southwestern regions) (2015)
stateless persons: 700,000 (2015); note - many Ivoirians lack documentation proving their nationality, which prevent them from accessing education and healthcare; birth on Ivorian soil does not automatically result in citizenship; disputes over citizenship and the associated rights of the large population descended from migrants from neighboring countries is an ongoing source of tension and contributed to the country's 2002 civil war; some observers believe the government's mass naturalizations of thousands of people over the last couple of years is intended to boost its electoral support base; the government in October 2013 acceded to international conventions on statelessness and in August 2013 reformed its nationality law, key steps to clarify the nationality of thousands of residents; since the adoption of the Abidjan Declaration to eradicate stateless in West Africa in February 2015, 6,400 people have received nationality papers
Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for local consumption; utility as a narcotic transshipment point to Europe reduced by ongoing political instability; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leave the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center (2008)
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