American Samoa Population: 54,194

9 VISITORS FROM HERE!


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview
 History
Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

 Geography
Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand
Geographic coordinates: 14 20 S, 170 00 W
Area: total: 199 sq km
land: 199 sq km
water: 0 sq km

note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island

Size comparison: slightly larger than Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 116 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: pumice, pumicite
Land use: agricultural land: 21.7% arable land 13.3%; permanent crops 8.4%; permanent pasture 0% forest: 78.3%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards: typhoons common from December to March volcanism: limited volcanic activity on the Ofu and Olosega Islands; neither has erupted since the 19th century
Current Environment Issues: limited natural freshwater resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality: noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)
adjective: American Samoan
Ethnic groups: Pacific Islander 92.6% (includes Samoan 88.9%, Tongan 2.9%, other .8%), Asian 3.6% (includes Filipino 2.2%, other 1.4%), mixed 2.7%, other 1.2% (2010 est.)
Languages: Samoan 88.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 3.9%, Tongan 2.7%, other Pacific islander 3%, other 1.8% note: most people are bilingual (2010 est.)
Religions: Christian 98.3%, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.7% (2010 est.)
Population: 54,194 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 24.04% (male 6,381/female 6,646)
15-24 years: 18.76% (male 4,983/female 5,185)
25-54 years: 42.62% (male 11,907/female 11,188)
55-64 years: 9.18% (male 2,438/female 2,535)
65 years and over: 5.41% (male 1,342/female 1,589) (2016 est.)
Median age: total: 29.4 years
male: 29.9 years
female: 28.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.25% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 22.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 4.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: -20.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 87.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: PAGO PAGO (capital) 48,000 (2014)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births male: 10.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.4 years male: 72.4 years
female: 78.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.87 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 62.5% of population
rural: 62.5% of population
total: 62.5% of population

unimproved:
urban: 37.5% of population
rural: 37.5% of population
total: 37.5% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Education expenditures: NA
Literacy:
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
conventional short form: American Samoa
abbreviation: AS
etymology: the name Samoa is composed of two parts, "sa" meaning "sacred" and "moa" meaning "center," so the name can mean Holy Center; alternatively, it can mean "place of the sacred moa bird" of Polynesian mythology
Government type: presidential democracy; a self-governing territory of the US
Capital: name: Pago Pago
geographic coordinates: 14 16 S, 170 42 W
time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 districts and 2 islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manu'a, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western
Independence: none (territory of the US)
National holiday: Flag Day, 17 April (1900)
Constitution: adopted 17 October 1960; revised 1 July 1967; amended several times, last in 2013 (2016)
Legal system: mixed legal system of US common law and customary law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)

head of government: Governor Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA (since 3 January 2013)

cabinet: Cabinet consists of 12 department directors appointed by the governor with the consent of the Legislative Assembly elections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected on the same ballot by an Electoral College of 'electors' chosen from each state to serve a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as American Samoa, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor directly elected on the same ballot by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held in November 2020)

election results: Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA re-elected governor; percent of vote - Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA (independent) 60.2%, Faoa Aitofele SUNIA (Democratic Party) 35.8%
Legislative branch: description: bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (18 seats; members indirectly selected by regional governing councils to serve 4-year terms) and the House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members directly elected by simple majority vote and 1 decided by public meeting on Swains Island; members serve 2-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held on 4 November 2014 (next to be held in November 2016); Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 18; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 20 note: American Samoa elects 1 member by simple majority vote to serve a 2-year term as a delegate to the US House of Representatives; the delegate can vote when serving on a committee and when the House meets as the Committee of the Whole House, but not when legislation is submitted for a “full floor” House vote; election of delegate last held on 4 November 2014 (next to be held on November 2016)
Judicial branch: highest court(s): High Court of American Samoa (consists of the chief justice, associate chief justice, and 6 Samoan associate judges and organized into trial, family, drug, and appellate divisions); note - American Samoa has no US federal courts judge selection and term of office: chief justice and associate chief justice appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior to serve for life; Samoan associate judges appointed by the governor to serve for life

subordinate courts: district and village courts
Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [Oreta M. TOGAFAU] Republican Party [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation: AOSIS (observer), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, PIF (observer), SPC
National symbol(s): a fue (coconut fiber fly whisk) crossed with a to'oto'o (staff); national colors: red, white, blue
National anthem: name: "Amerika Samoa" (American Samoa)
lyrics/music: Mariota Tiumalu TUIASOSOPO/Napoleon Andrew TUITELELEAPAGA

note: local anthem adopted 1950; as a territory of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of the US)
^Back to Top
 Economy
American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector with canned tuna the primary export. The two tuna canneries accounted for 13.1% of employment in 2013. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami devastated American Samoa and nearby Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. The US Federal Emergency Management Agency oversaw a relief program of nearly $25 million. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well-being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector. In 2015, a new fish processing company completed refurbishing the processing facilities left behind by one of the two canneries that closed in 2009 and opened a new cannery. With two operating canneries once again, fish processing and exports will rise in the coming years. American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector with canned tuna the primary export. The two tuna canneries accounted for 13.1% of employment in 2013. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami devastated American Samoa and nearby Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. The US Federal Emergency Management Agency oversaw a relief program of nearly $25 million. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well-being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector. In 2015, a new fish processing company completed refurbishing the processing facilities left behind by one of the two canneries that closed in 2009 and opened a new cannery. With two operating canneries once again, fish processing and exports will rise in the coming years.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $711 million (2013 est.) $718 million (2012 est.) $647 million (2012 est.) GDP (purchasing power parity): $711 million (2013 est.) $718 million (2012 est.) $647 million (2012 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $748.6 million (2005) GDP (official exchange rate): $748.6 million (2005)
GDP - real growth rate: -2.4% (2013 est.) -2.7% (2012 est.) 0.6% (2012 est.) -2.4% (2013 est.) -2.7% (2012 est.) 0.6% (2012 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $13,000 (2013 est.) $13,100 (2012 est.) $11,700 (2011 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $13,000 (2013 est.) $13,100 (2012 est.) $11,700 (2011 est.)
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 54.6%
government consumption: 52.8% investment if fixed capital: 2.7%
investment in inventories: 2.3%
exports of goods and services: 54.4%
imports of goods and services: -66.8% (2013) household consumption: 54.6% government consumption: 52.8% investment if fixed capital: 2.7% investment in inventories: 2.3% exports of goods and services: 54.4% imports of goods and services: -66.8% (2013)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 54.6%
government consumption: 52.8% investment if fixed capital: 2.7%
investment in inventories: 2.3%
exports of goods and services: 54.4%
imports of goods and services: -66.8% (2013) household consumption: 54.6% government consumption: 52.8% investment if fixed capital: 2.7% investment in inventories: 2.3% exports of goods and services: 54.4% imports of goods and services: -66.8% (2013)
Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock
Industries: tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate: NA% NA%
Labor force: 16,090 (2013) 16,090 (2013)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA
industry: 13.1%
services: 86.9% (2013) agriculture: NA industry: 13.1% services: 86.9% (2013)
Unemployment rate: 29.8% (2005) 29.8% (2005)
Population below poverty line: NA% NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $241.2 million
expenditures: $243.7 million (2013 est.) revenues: $241.2 million expenditures: $243.7 million (2013 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 32.2% of GDP (2013 est.) 32.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September 1 October - 30 September
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.1% (2013) 3.5% (2012) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.1% (2013) 3.5% (2012)
Exports: $459 million (2013 est.) $489 million (2012) $459 million (2013 est.) $489 million (2012)
Exports - commodities: canned tuna 93% canned tuna 93%
Exports - partners: US 100% US 100%
Imports: $564 million (2013 est.) $508 million (2012) $564 million (2013 est.) $508 million (2012)
Imports - commodities: raw materials for canneries, food, petroleum products, machinery and parts raw materials for canneries, food, petroleum products, machinery and parts
Debt - external: $NA $NA
Exchange rates: the US dollar is used the US dollar is used
^Back to Top
 Energy
Electricity - production: 200 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 100 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 41,000 kW (2014 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 100% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2016 es)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 2,375 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0.09 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 2,346 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 600,000 Mt (2013 est.)
^Back to Top
 Communications
Telephone system: general assessment: good telex, telegraph, facsimile, and cellular telephone services

domestic: domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station

international: country code - 1-684; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat-Pacific Ocean)
Broadcast media: 3 TV stations; multi-channel pay TV services are available; about a dozen radio stations, some of which are repeater stations (2009)
Internet country code: .as
Internet users: total: 17,000 percent of population: 31.3% (July 2015 est.)
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Airports: 3 (2016)
Airports (paved runways): total 3
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Roadways: total 241 km
(2008)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Pago Pago
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the US
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island (Olosega) in its 2006 draft independence constitution
^Back to Top


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview


   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

Flag Counter